Pennsylvania Car Insurance Laws Explained

Pennsylvania Auto Insurance Claims Laws

One of the most important things all drivers pay for, and are required by Pennsylvania law to pay for, is car insurance.  Pennsylvania is one of a handful of states that has a “no-fault” system in place. However, the Pennsylvania no-fault system is a bit more confusing than other states. That’s why in this article, we will cover what the no-fault system is, your Full Tort Coverage Options, and how both of these types of insurance coverages work after car accident.

Pennsylvania’s No-Fault System

This is a confusing topic as typically, a no-fault system means that, regardless of who caused an accident, each party will file a claim with their own insurer (particularly their personal injury protection) to get coverage for certain expenses.

How No-fault Coverage Works in Car Accidents

However, in Pennsylvania, the law allows people to opt-out of the no-fault system. Pennsylvania drivers have the option to purchase full tort insurance. Full tort insurance usually costs more than no-fault minimum coverage.

So, what does this all mean for an insurance claim? If you went with the no-fault insurance minimums, you have the following coverage:

  • $15,000 for bodily injury liability per injured person (if you were at fault)
  • $30,000 total bodily injury liability per accident (if you were at fault)
  • $5,000 property damage protection (if you were at fault)
  • $5,000 in medical benefits coverage for your medical bills (or anyone else covered under your policy) regardless of who was at fault

By choosing the no-fault, or limited tort, coverage, you are giving up a significant amount of rights when it comes to pursuing financial compensation for injuries and damages when another driver is at fault in the accident.

With no-fault coverage, or “limited tort coverage”, you are giving up a significant amount of rights when it comes to pursuing financial compensation for injuries and damages.

With no-fault insurance, you can receive compensation and medical care for medical treatment and other out-of-pocket expenses, but not for non-economic losses like pain and suffering damages.

Medical BillsThe only way to start the personal injury claim process after choosing no-fault insurance, is if the injuries you sustain are considered “serious” under Pennsylvania law. This can include injuries that impair bodily function or result in serious or permanent disfigurement.

Full Tort Insurance Option

If you went with full tort insurance, something more typical in other states, you have more rights when it comes to recovering compensation in the aftermath of an accident. With this insurance, you can recover coverage for:

  • All medical expenses related to the crash
  • Lost income and benefits if you are unable to work
  • Other out-of-pocket expenses
  • Non-economic damages like pain and suffering (even if the injuries are not considered serious under the law)

What About Property Damage?

Car Accident AttorneyThe Pennsylvania no-fault system applies only to injuries caused by an accident. To recover expenses for vehicle damages, you can make a claim against an at-fault driver with no limitations.

At SMT Legal, we are ready to answer your legal question regarding Pennsylvania auto insurance claim laws. If you were injured in a car accident, contact us the experienced Pittsburgh car accident lawyers today for a free consultation.

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